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Articles from Springer a leading global scientific publisher of scientific books and journals. - siblingship @ Sun, 22 Apr 2018 at 07:32 AM
A few decades after the collapse of the Avar Khaganate (c. 822 AD), Hungarian invaders conquered the Carpathian Basin (c. 862–895 AD). The first Hungarian ruling dynasty, the Árpáds played an important role in European history during the Middle Ages. King Béla III (1172–1196) was one of the most significant rulers of the dynasty. He also consolidated Hungarian dominance over the Northern Balkans. The provostry church of the Virgin Mary (commonly known as the Royal Basilica of Székesfehérvár) played a prominent role as a coronation church and burial place of medieval Hungarian kings. The basilica’s building and graves had been destroyed over the centuries. The only royal graves that remained intact were those of King Béla III and his first spouse, Anna of Antioch. These graves were discovered in 1848. We defined the autosomal STR (short tandem repeat) fingerprints of the royal couple and eight additional individuals (two females and six males) found in the Royal Basilica. These results revealed no evidence of first-degree relationship between any of the investigated individuals. Y-chromosomal STR profiles were also established for all the male skeletons. Based upon the Y-chromosomal data, one male skeleton showed an obvious patrilineal relationship to King Béla III. A database search uncovered an existing Y-chromosomal haplotype, which had a single-repeat difference compared to that of King Béla. It was discovered in a person living in an area close to Hungary. This current male line is probably related paternally to the Árpád Dynasty. The control region of the mitochondrial DNA was determined in the royal couple and in the remains of the inferred relative. The mitochondrial results excluded sibling relationship between the King and the patrilineal relative. In summary, we successfully defined a Y-chromosomal profile of King Béla III, which can serve as a reference for the identification of further remains and disputed living descendants of the Árpád Dynasty. Among the examined skeletons, we discovered an Árpád member, whose exact affiliation, however, has not yet been established.
Title: - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion @ 2017-06-01
Title: - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion @ 2017-06-01
Kinship appeals and conservation social marketing - Biodiversity and Conservation @ 2017-05-01
Increasing environmental problems and the need to obtain public support to help address them make effective appeals in conservation fundraising campaigns indispensable. However, social marketing messages based on data, characteristics of focal species, self-interest, and moral responsibility tend to work best on targeted, and so limited, audiences. As conservation organizations reach out to broader audiences, they will require strategies that appeal to more potential donors. This paper argues that use of kinship symbolism to describe non-human species should make conservation marketing campaigns more effective. Evolutionary theories of altruism predict the power of kinship-recognition cues in encouraging and reinforcing sacrifice in non-kin, unreciprocated contexts, and these cues can be manipulated in marketing campaigns to protect threatened species and resources. People often behave altruistically toward “fictive” kin, and the labeling of non-humans as kin in many traditional, small-scale societies appears to be associated with environmental resource management. Characterizing non-human species, and even non-living resources, as kin to humans in marketing campaigns may promote a willingness to contribute to conservation-related causes.
Remembering a Home of Origin: Creating Places Through Memory - Cultural, Autobiographical and Absent Memories of Orphanhood @ 2017-01-01
Remembering a Home of Origin: Creating Places Through Memory - Cultural, Autobiographical and Absent Memories of Orphanhood @ 2017-01-01
This chapter reviews the scholarly literature on the economic migration of families, in particular, family separation, reunification, with especial focus on the children implicated in the Filipino labor diaspora and Latin American migration to the United States. The experiences of children in families separated through economic migration occur across a range of circumstances: from those left behind in their home countries while their parents work abroad, to those born to temporary migrants and subsequently separated from their mothers when they are sent “home” to be cared for by relatives, to those who migrate to join their parents after a period of family separation. The lives of these children are adversely affected by governments’ ambivalences about the rights and citizenship entitlements both of temporary work migrants and of children. Neoliberal economic priorities and rationalities also often clash with liberal-democratic values to create contradictory and inconsistent outcomes. Despite the very real differences in the experiences of different groups of children – in this chapter between those migrating from the Philippines and Mexico and Central America, there are some similarities across their experiences of separation and reunification, in terms of the emotional consequences of transnational separation and reunification, and adverse effects on educational achievement. The violence considered in this chapter is the mundane, chronic, and everyday violence of poverty, social and economic marginalization, and feelings of abandonment. Children and youths are not passive in the face of these challenges, and brief attention is given to their capacity to address them.
Perspectives on Salutogenesis of Scholars Writing in Hebrew - The Handbook of Salutogenesis @ 2017-01-01
Aaron Antonovsky developed the salutogenic model during his years of work at Ben Gurion University in Israel. His model and ideas are very influential today in Israel, both in the area of research and in health and educational public policies. This chapter reviews the scientific literature on salutogenesis published in Hebrew between 1983 and 2014. There were 175 titles found that focus on the salutogenic model, most of which were master’s theses and doctoral dissertations in the social sciences. This review focuses on two branches of research which have made a significant contribution to updating salutogenic knowledge and have moved the field forward: research broadening the concept of coherence from the individual level to wider levels of analysis such as the family, the community, and the national level, as well as research focused on sense of coherence amongst children with learning disabilities.
Sibling Care Among Rural Elderly Widows - Elderly Care in India @ 2017-01-01
Siblings of similar age have shared histories, similar concerns and feelings of solidarity. Intimacy and hostility are intertwined in the relationships, while they also complement and substitute parents and children in crisis. In the Indian context, a key to sibling relationships is the obligation of brothers to act as ‘trustees’ of their married sisters and replace friends in rural setting. In southern India, cross-cousin marriages and short marriage distance further cement their bonds and siblings of both genders constitute the core social world for women. But do such traditional patterns continue to operate where women claim equal right to property? To what extent does the support content and strength vary by gender of siblings? What constitutes care and intimacy in sibling relationships? These issues are less explored, and hence, the paper focuses on support transactions between elderly widows and their siblings and the intensity of role relations. The paper is inductive in nature and uses a qualitative methodology. Widows with siblings were interviewed through a semi-structured interview. Findings indicate strong ties between siblings, and brothers play a dominant role until children are married. Situations of strained relationships occur between brothers when expectations of widows are not being met. At later life, both brothers and sisters converge as confidants and companions. Sisters tend to form a thicker bond similar to friends, and brothers provide the ritual and service support. Results will be of particular interest to understand family relationships, elderly care and gender issues.
Sibling Caregiving and Its Implications in Sub-Saharan Africa - Handbook of Applied Developmental Science in Sub-Saharan Africa @ 2017-01-01
Most children worldwide grow up with at least one sibling, and the sibling relationship is usually the longest-lasting one in a person’s life. Understanding sibling relationships therefore is important as it contributes to our understanding of human development. This chapter attempts to make a contribution to the knowledge base on sibling interactions by discussing the implications of sibling caregiving in sub-Saharan Africa. The roles siblings play in individuals’ social and cognitive development and mental health are described. In addition, sibling caregiving in sub-Saharan Africa and specifically sibling caregiving among the Agikuyu of Kenya are described. In the conclusion section, some policy implications for child development, learning, and educational processes are presented.
Found 17 Articles for siblingship