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Articles from Springer a leading global scientific publisher of scientific books and journals. - dna forensic @ Thu, 19 Jul 2018 at 07:31 AM
Forensic Science - Encyclopedia of Law and Economics @ 2021-01-01
Forensic science applies natural, physical, and social sciences to resolve legal matters. The term forensics has been attached to many different fields: economics, anthropology, dentistry, pathology, toxicology, entomology, psychology, accounting, engineering, and computer forensics. Forensic evidence is gathered, examined, evaluated, interpreted, and presented to make sense of an event and provide investigatory leads. Various classification schemes exist for forensic evidence, with some forms of evidence falling under more than one scheme. Rules of evidence differ between jurisdictions, even between countries that share similar legal traditions. This makes the sharing of evidence between countries particularly problematic, at times rendering this evidence inadmissible in national courts. Several measures have been proposed and organizations created to strengthen forensic science and promote best practices for practitioners, researchers, and academicians in the field.
 
Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
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Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
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Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging - Handbook of Photonics for Biomedical Engineering @ 2021-01-01
Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) is a key fluorescence microscopy technique to map the environment and interaction of fluorescent probes. It can report on photophysical events that are difficult or impossible to observe by fluorescence intensity imaging, because FLIM is largely independent of the local fluorophore concentration and excitation intensity. Many FLIM applications relevant for biology concern the identification of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to study protein interactions and conformational changes. In addition, FLIM has been used to image viscosity, temperature, pH, refractive index, and ion and oxygen concentrations, all at the cellular level. The basic principles and recent advances in the application of FLIM, FLIM instrumentation, molecular probe, and FLIM detector development will be discussed.
 
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Accelerating DNA Biometrics in Criminal Investigations Through GPU-Based Pattern Matching - International Joint Conference SOCO’18-CISIS’18-ICEUTE’18 @ 2019-01-01
With the ever-increasing capabilities of modern hardware and breakthroughs in the DNA biometrics field, we are presenting a new, scalable and innovative method to accelerate the DNA analysis process used in criminal investigations, by building an improved methodology for using large-scale GPU-based automata for performing high-throughput pattern-matching. Our approach focuses on all important stages of preparing for the pattern-matching process, tackling with all major steps, from creation, to preprocessing, to the runtime performance. Finally, we experiment using real-world DNA sequences and apply the process to the human DNA genome, for an evaluation of our implementation.
 
Identification: Biometrics, or a Real-Time ‘Who Is Who’ - Counter-Terrorism Technologies @ 2019-01-01
In this first chapter of the book’s second part, I argue that the best way to deal with terrorism is to nip a planned terrorist attack in the bud. One way to do so is by discerning innocent citizens who have a right to be at certain locations from those who have not, and whose intentions are dubious, via a swift and reliable but non-intrusive identification and verification process. I introduce the main biometrics that are used in this regard, first discussing physical biometrics such as facial recognition, iris scans, voice scans or fingerprints, to then move on to behavioural ones such as one’s gait. Since most of them are not (yet) fool proof, especially not as stand-alone technologies, I make the case for multimodal-based biometric systems which currently are under development.
 
Mental Health and Sexual Medicine: An Update - Advances in Psychiatry @ 2019-01-01
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Mental Health and Sexual Medicine: An Update - Advances in Psychiatry @ 2019-01-01
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Toxicological Aspects of Emerging Contaminants - Emerging and Eco-Friendly Approaches for Waste Management @ 2019-01-01
The emerging contaminants field suffers from insufficient global information, especially in Africa, and even less from Asia. Emerging contaminants constitute a group of natural, synthesised chemicals and microorganisms that have been proved to cause serious effects on the laboratory organisms and therefore a threat to human and aquatic species. They are presumed to be endocrine disruptors, carcinogenic, teratogenic, and interfere with the sexual and reproductive behaviour of some small aquatics. This being the case, the discovery of emerging contaminants stands to be the finest toxicological investigation owing to improved science and technology. Nevertheless, in future, the world will come up with new environmental discoveries because of the continuous production of materials, which by themselves may be harmful, or their life cycle may be a threat.
 
Found 11 Articles for dna forensic